Digital Front Lines

  1. Cyber Operations
  2. Multistakeholder Responses
  3. Future Hybrid Wars

1. From July 2020 to July 2021, 19 percent of the global nation-state threat activity warnings that Microsoft issued were made to customers in which country, second only to the United States?

2. Which of the following is NOT a member of the intelligence alliance the Five Eyes?

3. The first and most notable act of cyber attribution was when the cybersecurity firm Mandiant in 2013 released the APT1 report, which exposed a large-scale cyber campaign by which country’s military?

4. Before Russia’s invasion, the Ukrainian government’s Red Team prepared for cyber operations by:

5. What is the concept of deterrence by denial?

6. What kind of technology is NSO Group’s Pegasus software?

7. Who hosts the world’s largest international cyber defense exercises?

8. Cuba, Nicaragua, and ______ have the highest levels of Russian propaganda consumption in Latin America.

9. Which of the following is not within the mandate of the International Criminal Court Office of the Prosecutor?

10. Which of the following is not an example of blurred lines between civilian and military domains?