Digital Front Lines

  1. Cyber Operations
  2. Multistakeholder Responses
  3. Future Hybrid Wars

Digital
Front Lines

A sharpened focus on the risks of, and responses to, hybrid warfare.

The scale and scope of cyber operations in the lead-up to and since Russia’s February 2022 full-scale invasion of Ukraine have been unparalleled and mark a new era of hybrid warfare in the digital age. The use of nonmilitary tactics — particularly cyber and information operations that leverage emerging technologies against military targets, civilian populations, and critical infrastructure, to achieve foreign policy and geostrategic goals — present myriad pressing challenges for the prevention and resolution of conflicts. Recognizing the need to elevate awareness of cyber operations in armed conflict, FP Analytics produced Digital Front Lines with support from Microsoft.

In addition to deepening understanding of hybrid warfare, Digital Front Lines seeks to identify opportunities for collaboration across government, industry, and civil society to mitigate its destructive impacts. The contributions from experts in government, multilateral institutions, nongovernmental organizations, and the private sector along with research from FP Analytics underscore the need for sustained communication and coordination to adapt to the changing nature of warfare and effectively respond to the risks emerging from cyber operations.

ILLUSTRATION BY BRIAN STAUFFER

PART I

Cyber Operations in Warfare – Ukraine and Beyond

Part I explores the impacts of cyber operations, in Ukraine and beyond, and the challenges they present to the international system, including attribution of, and response to, cyberattacks and the alignment of cyber and kinetic warfare strategies.

An FP ANALYTICS Issue Brief


PART II

Multistakeholder Responses in Ukraine and Lessons Learned

Part II distills the lessons learned from multistakeholder responses to the ongoing war in Ukraine, examining the implications of cyber operations for international humanitarian law and diplomacy and highlighting the role of the tech community to track and expose information operations.


PART III

Preparing for Future Hybrid Wars

Part III looks ahead to future hybrid wars and explores opportunities for partnership across government, industry, and civil society to secure cyberspace, safeguard nuclear and space assets from cyber threats, and ensure accountability for state and nonstate cyberattacks against civilians and critical infrastructure.

CONTRIBUTORS

Expert Insights

In the age of hybrid warfare, the impacts of cyber operations are felt across civil and military domains, and beyond. Experts from private industry, government, NGOs, multilateral institutions and more share their perspectives on a range of cybersecurity issues, identifying challenges to international peace and security, and opportunities for collaboration.

David Agranovich

Director of Threat Disruption at Meta

Tom Burt

Corporate Vice President of Customer Security and Trust at Microsoft

Amb. Sorin Ducaru

Director of the European Union Satellite Centre (SatCen)

Stéphane Duguin

CEO of the CyberPeace Institute

Dr. Cordula Droege

Chief Legal Officer and Head of the Legal Division of the International Committee of the Red Cross

Dr. Comfort Ero

President and CEO of the International Crisis Group

Mykhailo Fedorov

Vice Prime Minister, Innovation, Development of Education, Science and Technologies of Ukraine

Annie Fixler

Director, Center on Cyber and Technology Innovation, FDD

Chris Inglis

Former U.S. National Cyber Director

Amb. Bonnie Jenkins

Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security at the U.S. Department of State.

Karim A.A. Khan KC

Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court

Dr. Peter Maurer

President of the Basel Institute on Governance and former President of the ICRC

Shelley McKinley

Chief Legal Officer of GitHub

Peter Micek

General Counsel and U.N. Advocacy Manager at Access Now

Izumi Nakamitsu

U.N. Under-Secretary-General and High Representative for Disarmament Affairs

Hanno Pevkur

Estonian Minister of Defense

Brad Smith

Vice Chair and President, Microsoft

Clint Watts

General Manager of the Microsoft Threat Analysis Center